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Will 5G Promote Smart Cities in Europe?
Deployment of 5G trials across Europe has created opportunities for increased innovations in smart city projects.
FREMONT, CA: With technological arsenal at their disposal, European cities are in the middle of significant transformations. Many of these cities are leading the global race towards sustainability and improved services. Smart city technology projects have been successful in converting cities into living entities that can understand, analyse, and change intelligently to improve livability factors for its citizens. Advancement in 5G technology is now opening up newer scopes for innovation that will enhance connectivity and public infrastructure in the smart hubs across Europe. The region has seen the highest number of 5G trials and pilot projects. This is going to translate into numerous advanced solutions with various degrees of functionality. Some ways in which the upcoming era of 5G will help the cause of smart European cities are described here.
• Improved Internet of Things Applications
5G technology is best suited to take the IoT revolution forward. Smart cities will deploy sensor-based systems across cities which are bound to lead to an explosion of IoT devices. The current connectivity capabilities are not optimised to support such a vast network of wireless devices. With the availability of 5G spectrum, the number of IoT end-points can increase vastly as it will support the seamless transfer of data at high speeds, enabling a higher degree of automation, coordination, and integration in all the facilities on which the smart cities depend. The citizens will also get access to reliable, uninterrupted services as providers shift to IoT-based models. IoT in itself is crucial for smart cities in many aspects from traffic management, to water treatment to intelligent lighting systems. All of these segments will benefit from the full-scale adoption of 5G.
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• Enhanced Mobility
Smart mobility is one of the essential parts of smart cities. European cities are known for well-planned transport systems, but in the age of advancements, there is a continuous tectonic shift. 5G can make mobility in smart cities much faster, streamlined, and well-connected. Improving the efficiency of commute directly imparts better traffic management and reduced snags. With the help of tracking capabilities, transportation systems can be automated, and both public and private means of commute will experience smoother runs. People can have real-time access to information about which routes are crowded and which should be preferred. Indirectly, the environment will also benefit from a reduced carbon footprint.
• Accelerated Efficiency
Smart cities aspire to become energy efficient as well as self-sufficient. 5G technology can take European smart cities closer to these targets. Smart lighting solutions that can vary the intensity of lighting depending on traffic density and weather conditions are becoming a reality with excellent network infrastructure. Such lighting solutions lead to significant energy savings. Smart public facilities and buildings can incorporate varying levels of automation with sensors which 5G can connect efficiently. Doors, lifts, escalators, homes, and offices can make use of smart data-gathering facilities to become energy-efficient.
• Quick Response to Emergencies and Enhanced Security
The ability to react quickly and effectively in the face of crises is another desirable quality that smart cities must possess. Responses can be optimised only when authorities can monitor entire cities from centralised platforms in real-time. 5G connectivity equips city management authorities with the power to keep an eye on cities with the help of data collection networks. The response mechanisms can then be automated. Surveillance and security are also set to change rapidly with the potential of 5G.
Smart cities in Europe are ahead in many respects. By prioritising the adoption of 5G, the region is going to undertake futuristic developments to empower citizens, industries as well as the environment.