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Smart Energy and Transportation: Key Technologies of Smart Cities
With the growth of the population and people migrating to urban areas, the need for smart cities will increase to make the best use of available resources.
FREMONT, CA: Smart cities are growing rapidly as the Internet of Things (IoT) expands and impacts municipal services worldwide. Smart cities leverage IoT sensors, actuators, and technology to connect components around the city, influencing every phase of a city, from underneath the streets to the air citizens breathe. Different patterns are derived from the collected data by analysing data from all segments. This is harnessed with the help of technological advancements that make a smart city work better.
Residential and commercial buildings in smart cities are more efficient by using less energy, and the energy utilised is analysed and data collected. Smart grids are a major part of the development of a smart city, and smart streetlights are an easy way for many cities to implement a smart grid, as LED lights are cost-effective.
Digital communications and energy-efficient LED lighting is transforming urban lighting infrastructures. They are converting these lightings into information pathways with the ability to amass and share data and provide new insights that allow and drive the smart city. Overall, energy usage plays a vital role in smart cities. With the installation of smart metres in their houses, many people already know their energy usage. However, with the rise of home solar power systems and electric vehicles, hardware and software technologies will enable the potential for better grid management, optimisation of power generation through various sources, and distributed energy production.
Furthermore, buildings that track their energy usage actively and report this data to exploit can alleviate their costs. As cities become more urbanised, this will ultimately result in less pollution and far improved efficiency. In addition, smart grid solutions are also significant in the development of smart cities. There are a plethora of solutions to improve energy services, from prepaid energy applications to advanced metering infrastructures. Smart grids help in enhancing outage detection, speeding up data capture, continuing disaster recovery, field service operations, and entire grid modernisation methods.
Multi-modal transportation, smart traffic lights, and smart parking are some of the characteristics of a smart city. As mobility is one of the key areas having a lot of activities, transportation, traffic monitoring, and parking have become crucial concerns. These areas are observing a rapid return on investment. It helps to reduce the cost of monitoring parking and ensure that they are collecting fines and reducing traffic congestion.
Facilitating smarter parking helps people spend minimum time looking for parking slots and circling city blocks. Smart traffic lights consist of cameras that monitor the traffic flow indicated in the traffic signals. City buses are also connected to help people have live information regarding bus arrival times. They are also utilising sensors to amass data on the movements of people and vehicles. In such a manner, a smart city mitigates traffic congestion and allows people and goods to be moved easily via different means. Intelligent traffic systems and autonomous vehicle transportation are examples of successful smart cities. These efforts will reduce pollution and save time from traffic, leading to a harmonious transportation experience.